Natural gas demand

Millions ofm3
20172016Change
Italy 70,015 66,249 3,766 5.70%
Spain 30,180 27,651 2,529 9.10%

Demand for natural gas increased in 2017 in both Italy (+5.7%) and Spain (+9.1%).

Italy

Gas demand

Millions ofm3
20172016Change
Distribution networks 30,969 29,998 971 3.20%
Industry 13,563 12,693 870 6.80%
Thermal generation 24,078 22,156 1,922 8.70%
Other (1) 1,405 1,402 3 0.20%
Total 70,015 66,249 3,766 5.70%

(1) Includes other consumption and losses.
Source: Enel based on data from the Ministry for Economic Development and Snam Rete Gas.

Domestic demand for natural gas in 2017 totaled 70,015 million cubic meters, an increase of 5.7% on the previous year.

Consumption recovered in all segments, led by industry (+6.8%), thanks to the economic recovery in the sector, and thermal generation (+8.7%), due to the decline in the availability of renewables generation.

Price developments

1st
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2nd
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3rd
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4th
Quarter
1st
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2nd
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3rd
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4th
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20172016
Average residential user with annual consumption of between 481 and 1,560 m3 (€/Sm3): price net of taxes 0.45 0.44 0.42 0.44 0.47 0.41 0.42 0.43

Source: ARERA (Regulatory Authority for Energy, Networks and the Environment).

The annual average sales price of natural gas in Italy increased by 1.4% in 2017.